Art / Design / Languages / Classics / Literature / Politics / Humour
Consider the history of borders. Starting with the Berlin Conference of 1884 when seven European countries carved out their stakes on the continent, Africa was gradually broken down into an illogical clutter of nation-states. The borders of these states had no regard for historical groupings and identities, and shifted depending on what was most politically and economically expedient for the colonising country. At different points during the first half of the century, for example, Burkina Faso was part of Côte d’Ivoire, Niger, Mali and Senegal, before eventually coagulating as the Republic of Upper Volta.
In the early 1960s, as more African states gained “independence” and moved towards establishment of the Organisation of African Unity, border blues drove one of the earliest rifts in continental politics. The “Casablanca group” of states led by Kwame Nkrumah advocated a radical approach to African unification, while the “Monrovia group” led by Leopold Senghor called for a more conservative approach, one that held the borders of nation-states in higher esteem.
The Monrovia group won, and one of the first resolutions of the OAU was to endorse colonial borders. Today, there are only a few African countries – Comoros, Madagascar, Mozambique, Rwanda and Seychelles – that allow all Africans either to enter without visas or to obtain visas upon arrival. For the rest, fellow Africans have to jump through hoops whose variations in complexity often reflect larger political dynamics. It seems that what has infiltrated our psyche even deeper than colonial geography is the spirit that inspired the origin of borders: perceptions of superiority and inferiority, the violence of competition for resources, selective openness determined by levels of perceived threat and historical animosity. And questions of historical clarity are chronically present.
Where did the vision of division come from? How does it stay alive? Who teaches you to hate your neighbour? Official classifications along invisible lines were both symptoms and tools of oppression throughout the 20th century. In apartheid South Africa, pass books determined where and when Africans had the right to exist in their own land. In Rwanda, Belgium introduced identity documents with “ethnic” classifications, to nurture divisions in the incubator of rigid bureaucracy. Across the continent, people put arbitrary colonial divisions on paper and called them passports.”
ok guys so i just had a breakthrough
so in the beginning of the song pompeii by bastille it sounds like theyre saying eheu a bunch of times well eheu is latin for ‘alas’ or ‘oh no’
and iM STILL LAUGHING SO HARD BECAUSE ITS CALLED POMPEII AND MOUNT VESUVIUS DESTROYED THE FUCKIN CITY OF COURSE THEY WOULD BE SAYING OH NO
IF YOU PAUSE THE SMROOKIES VIDEO AT LIKE 30 SECONDS YOU CAN SEE A PORN SITE POP UP AS THEYRE TYPING
HAS ANYONE ELSE POINTED THIS OUT YET LIKE I’M LAUGHING SO HARD THEY COULDN’T DELETE THE HISTORY FIRST JUST
SEXTUBE DOT COM IS THE TURN UP FUNCTION OVER AT SM ENT!!
tired of your shit sm
La Loi est l’expression de la volonté générale. Tous les Citoyens ont droit de concourir personnellement, ou par leurs Représentants, à sa formation. Elle doit être la même pour tous, soit qu’elle protège, soit qu’elle punisse. Tous les Citoyens étant égaux à ses yeux sont également admissibles à toutes dignités, places et emplois publics, selon leur capacité, et sans autre distinction que celle de leurs vertus et de leurs talents.
Law is the expression of the general will. Every citizen has a right to participate personally, or through his representative, in its foundation. It must be the same for all, whether it protects or punishes. All citizens, being equal in the eyes of the law, are equally eligible to all dignities and to all public positions and occupations, according to their abilities, and without distinction except that of their virtues and talents.
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen 1789, Article 6
Happy Bastille Day, guys. (God I love this document.)
DOES IT EVER BOTHER U THAT THERE IS SO MUCH STUFF ON THE INTERNET LIKE I COULD LITERALLY TEACH MYSELF A NEW LANGUAGE OR LEARN CHINESE ETIQUETTE OR READ SOMEONE’S BLOG FROM ACROSS THE WORLD AND THOSE ARE JUST THREE RELATIVELY PUNY EXAMPLES BUT INSTEAD I JUST SIT HERE REFRESHING MY DASHBOARD
trust me when i say this, the beauty of the internet and tabs allow you to do all four (and more) at the same time.